IT vs. Software Engineering (Pros / Cons!)

There are many factors to consider when choosing between software engineering and IT. But which one is better for you, and do you know the primary differences between the two professions?

IT is the umbrella term for a range of jobs in the tech industry involving the use of computers and telecommunications. IT includes network administration, systems analysis, and software development. 

Software engineering is more specific than IT, which involves software applications’ design, development, testing, and maintenance. It is considered a more specialized subset of IT.

We will discuss what each career entails and its respective advantages. By the end of this article, you should better understand which field is right for you.

1. IT & Software Engineering: In-Depth.

The IT department is responsible for various tasks and activities related to the management of company computing resources. These include the maintenance and repair of hardware and software at tech firms like Geek Squad and the administration of policies and procedures.

They are the go-to for staff with all IT issues, from password reset to connectivity problems. IT specialists are also responsible for ensuring that all company data is backed up and secure.

On the other hand, software engineering is more focused on developing software applications which can include anything from developing new features to maintaining and improving existing ones.

Software engineers ensure that software meets all requirements and performs as intended while ensuring that when new features are added, they do not break existing functionality.

2. Structured vs. Pro-Active Job Types: Which Suits You?

Another key difference is that software engineering is more structured than IT. In software engineering, the developer must follow a sequence of steps to produce a working software application.

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The software development life cycle is a sequence of events (SDLC) that can be divided into several events or phases, each having tasks and deliverables.

Following a precise procedure, such as the SDLC, delivers a more trustworthy and predictable outcome.

Software applications designed and developed using a structured process are less likely to have defects than those created without planning or oversight.

Here’s everything else you need to know about IT and software engineering.

3. What are the Pros of Working in IT?

One of the most significant advantages of a career in IT is the variety of tasks and projects you can take on. You can spend a day working on network maintenance or configuring new servers, which are more complex than home server setups.

No two days are ever the same, which is great if you’re someone who likes to learn new things constantly.

Another benefit of a career in Information and technology is that it’s relatively recession-proof. Companies always need people who can keep their computer systems running smoothly, regardless of the state of the economy.

And as technology becomes increasingly ubiquitous in our lives, the demand for IT professionals will only continue to grow.

IT might be the place for you if you’re looking for a rewarding and challenging career with plenty of scopes.

4. How Can I Become an IT Specialist?

There are a few different ways to become an IT specialist. One way is to complete an information technology degree at a college or university. Another way is to complete a certification program in information technology.

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A certification program typically takes less time to complete than a degree program, and certifications can be obtained from various organizations, such as IBM, Juniper, and Dell.

Some companies also offer training programs for IT specialists. This type of training usually covers the company’s specific systems and procedures.

It can be beneficial to have this type of training, especially if you want to work for that company.

Once you have the necessary skills and knowledge, you can start looking for jobs in the IT field. Many positions are available, such as system supervisors, user support technicians, and network administrators.

The best way to find open positions is to browse job websites or contact recruiting agencies specializing in IT staffing.

5. What are the Pros of a Career in Software Engineering?

One of the main benefits of a career in software engineering is the ability to work in a wide range of industries. Due to the ubiquity of software, nearly every company needs engineers to design and maintain their software applications.

Additionally, because software engineering is a field that constantly evolves, engineers can always learn new technologies and techniques.

As a software engineer, you’ll be able to develop innovative solutions to complex problems due to the nature of the work. A good example is the position of a production software engineer which is a highly specialized role.

This, in itself, can be incredibly rewarding and self-satisfying.

Finally, software engineering is a high-paying field. The average salary for a software engineer can be over $100,000 per year, making this career path a lucrative option for those looking to start or further their careers.

6. How can I become a software engineer?

A solid foundation in mathematics and computer science is key to becoming a software engineer.

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Second on the list is having some programming expertise, which is advantageous. There are many different programming languages, so it is crucial to find one that you are comfortable with and can use confidently. 

Finally, thinking creatively and solving problems is vital, as this will help you debug code or find solutions to complex problems.

Once you have these foundations, it’s up to you how you want to specialize in software engineering. There are many different specialties within the field, such as iOS / Android Apps, front-end/back-end development, DevOps, and more.

Once you’ve chosen your specialization, it’s time to start building your portfolio. This collection of your best work showcases your skills and proficiencies to potential employers.

It can be anything from code samples to project reports or even video demonstrations of your work. 

Whatever you choose, make sure it is high quality and representative of your best work – some of the best places to learn to code are websites like Codecademy, Coursera, and Udacity.

These websites provide various courses that can help you start your career as a software engineer.


Now that you know the differences between IT vs Software Engineering, you must understand which career path benefits your personality type.

IT may be a great job if you like computers and technology but don’t want to code!

However, if you are interested in developing software and want to work on creating new applications and systems, then software engineering can be a rewarding and lucrative career option.